Help prevent the spread of the flu virus and ensure that your family and friends are safe and healthy this flu season. Be sure to visit your local nursing station or Health Centre and discuss how to fight the flu.

Things to Know:

Cover your cough:

The flu is a virus that is easily spread from one person to another through coughing, sneezing or sharing food or drinks. People can also get the flu by touching objects contaminated with flu virus and then touching your mouth, eyes or nose.

The Southern Chiefs’ Organization encourages everyone to wash their hands regularly and practice good cough and sneeze etiquette (coughing or sneezing into your elbow, sleeve or using a tissue).

Washing your hands will reduce the risk of getting the flu:

Washing your hands not only reduces your risk of getting the flu but stops the spread of the flu virus. Your hands can still carry the flu virus even if you already had the flu shot. Washing your hands and cleaning surfaces regularly is the best way to guard against colds and flu’s. Be safe and keep your hands washed and surfaces clean.

Are feeling sick?

If you are already feeling sick, the Southern Chiefs’ Organization recommends that you stay home from school or work. Visit your local nursing station or Health Centre and tell the nurse or doctor your symptoms. Going to work or school will put you and your colleagues and friends at risk for the flu and will increase the risk of transmitting the flu. It’s true, staying home from school or work is the safest way to prevent an outbreak; especially if you are feeling flu like symptoms. Remember, your nurse is there to help you in your communities.

Be sure to keep in contact with your nurse or doctor if your condition gets worse.

How can you find out more about H1N1and seasonal flu’s?

There are many websites that talk about H1N1 and other viruses. For more information visit the Manitoba Health website for information on Avian Influenza (bird flu). The link to the website is


Many people confuse the flu with a bad cold. Always visit your community nurse or doctor if symptoms persist.

The differences between influenza and the common cold:

Symptom Flu Cold
Fever Usually present, high (102°F to 104°F or 38°C to 41°C); lasts 3 to 4 days Uncommon
Headache Very common (can be severe) Uncommon
Aches and pains Common and often severe Slight
Fatigue and weakness Starts early, can be severe, and can last up to 14 to 21 days Mild
Extreme exhaustion Very common at the start Never
Stuffy nose Sometimes Common
Sneezing Sometimes Common
Sore throat Sometimes Common
Chest discomfort, cough Common Mild to moderate, hacking cough
Complications Can lead to pneumonia or respiratory failure; can worsen a current chronic condition; can be life-threatening Can lead to sinus congestion or earache

People infected with an influenza or cold virus become contagious 24 hours after the virus enters the body (often before symptoms appear). Adults remain infectious (can spread the virus to others) for about 6 days, and children remain infectious for up to 10 days.